The cannabis plant is one of the most (if not the most) pharmacologically active plants on the planet, containing over 400 active chemicals. The unique active components of cannabis are called cannabinoids, which are found alongside active chemicals called terpenoids (aka terpenes) and flavonoids. These chemical components work together to provide a wide variety of therapeutic benefits to the human body. Cannabinoids are chemical compounds found in Cannabis plants. (marijuana and hemp) There are many cannabinoids, the most commonly studied and known are THC, (highly psychoactive) and CBD (non-psychoactive). Our bodies have an endocannabinoid system. The two work together much like puzzle pieces. Simply put, when cannabinoids are ingested, they "connect" with the endocannabinoids naturally occurring in our bodies to create cellular harmony and stability.
THC is the most commonly know cannabinoid and is responsible for getting one "high. It is also a powerful neuroprotective, antioxidant and has 20 times the anti-inflammatory power of aspirin and twice that of hydrocortisone (Russo, 2011).
CBD rich cannabis provides potent therapeutic benefits without the euphoria or lethargy of many high THC varieties. CBD and THC are believed to have synergistic effect meaning that when they are both present at therapeutic levels they are more effective together than they are alone. While THC is widely known for its psychoactive properties, CBD may be best known for its ability to counterbalance anxiety, tachycardia, hunger and sedation caused by THC (Russo, 2011).
Difference between CDBa/CBD, and THCA/TCH When cannabis grows, it produces CBDA and TCHA, (not CBD and THC. ) CBDA and TCHA are "inactive" acidic compounds. It is not until heated through smoking, vaporizing, cooking etc. that the molecule changes to an active form, a process referred to as decarboxylation.
Refer to the wheel below to review the health benefits from different cannabinoids.
Refer to the wheel below to find which cannabinoids help with certain conditions.